If you have suffered a musculoskeletal injury or are experiencing pain in your bones, muscles, joints, nerves, or soft tissues, you may need to seek the expertise of an orthopaedic surgeon. Orthopaedic surgeons specialize in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of many disorders and injuries of the musculoskeletal system. They use surgical and nonsurgical methods to treat all types of musculoskeletal issues.
Although a lot of orthopaedic conditions and injuries can be treated through nonsurgical treatments, some require surgery for effective results. The most common orthopaedic surgeries are:
Joint Replacement Surgery
Joint replacement surgery, also called arthroplasty, is used to fix a damaged joint that cannot heal on its own or through other treatments. The procedure involves removing part or all of the damaged joint and replacing it with artificial pieces. The artificial pieces take on the roles of the damaged parts they replaced so the joint can function once again. Knee replacement is the most common type of joint replacement surgery.
ACL Reconstruction Surgery
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most commonly injured ligaments in the knee. Ligaments are the strong bands of fibrous tissue that connect bones together. The ACL crosses inside of the knee, connecting the thighbone to the leg. It provides stability to the knee joint. Surgery is often required for patients with unstable knees and active individuals who have ACL tears accompanied with other injuries. The goal of ACL repair is to reconstruct the knee joint to restore its function and stability.
Achilles Tendon Repair Surgery
The Achilles tendon is a large, strong fibrous cord that connects the calf muscles in the back of the leg to the back of the heel bone (calcaneus). Achilles tendon ruptures most commonly occur as a result of sports injuries or from a condition called Achilles tendonitis. Surgery to reattach a torn Achilles tendon is necessary to restore function. Surgery is generally very effective and the risk of complication is typically low.
Surgery for Arthritis
Arthritis is a progressive disease, meaning it often gets worse over time. Surgery may be recommended when nonsurgical treatments no longer provide relief. There are several surgical options to choose from. Your doctor’s recommendation will depend on the type of arthritis, its severity, and your general health. The most common surgical procedures for arthritis include:
- A Synovectomy – the removal of the diseased or damaged joint lining (synovium)
- An osteotomy – the realigning of the bones in a joint
- Joint fusion surgery – the fusing together of bones to relieve pain
- An arthroplasty – joint replacement surgery, often performed to treat advanced arthritis
Surgery for Fractures
The treatment for a fracture (broken bone) depends on the type of fracture and the bones that are involved. The aim is to align the fractured bones so they can heal correctly. Surgery is necessary for complex fractures such as ones where the bones have moved out of place or broken into multiple pieces. During surgery, the bones are realigned in the proper positions and secured with surgical hardware. Sometimes, bone graft is necessary to fill in the gaps between shattered bones.
Florida Sports Medicine & Orthopaedics, in Panama City, Florida
For more information about the orthopaedic conditions we treat and the services we provide, call Florida Sports Medicine & Orthopaedics at (850) 763-0346 or request an appointment online. Our friendly team will diagnose your condition and provide effective treatment so you can get back to your normal activities as soon as possible.