When a knee joint needs repair – whether from sports-related overuse, injury, or age-related degeneration – there is often only so much that can be done before surgery is necessary. If you have undergone past treatments to help alleviate pain in your knee, it might be time to look at knee replacement surgery or arthroplasty.
The most common factor behind a knee replacement is to relieve constant pain in the knee. The knee bears almost the full weight of the body plus additional stressors when running or walking, as every step puts a jolt of pressure on the joint; this can severely wear down the protective cartilage, causing pain as the bones rub against each other.
Conditions That Can Lead to Replacement of the Knee
There are many reasons why someone may need a knee replacement, including the following:
- Osteoarthritis is a common type of joint inflammation – often called simply “arthritis.” It is due to the wearing-down of the cartilage in the joint. This can occur due to sports activities or due to normal wear-and-tear as we get older.
- Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disorder that affects the joints of the body as well as other systems. The body mistakenly attacks the lining of the joints and other tissues, causing painful swelling.
- Hemophilia is the inability to form blood clots normally. The most common complication of hemophilia is a joint disorder, because blood can pool and fill in a joint’s cavity. This can cause inflammation, pain, and deformity of the joint.
- Gout is a common form of arthritis that causes sudden, painful attacks of swelling and tenderness in the joints, especially in the big toe. These attacks can happen even during sleep, and the pain can wake a person from a deep sleep. Advanced cases of gout can cause permanent damage to joints.
- Deformity of the knee is caused by a loss of cartilage, usually from arthritis. The person can develop a limp or become knock-kneed or bowlegged because the cartilage is worn away unevenly. It can also cause pain in the knee even when lying down with the knee elevated.
- Joint necrosis can cause serious problems, as the tissues in the joint can die from the lack of blood supply. If your knee has necrosis, you may require a replacement knee prosthesis to replace these tissues.
Conservative treatment options are tried initially, such as physiotherapy or injections of corticosteroids. If these treatments fail to quell your knee pain, and the pain interferes with your quality of life, knee replacement might be the best choice.
Sports Doctor in Panama City
If you or someone you know suffers daily with knee pain and it is affecting their daily life, then knee surgery may be beneficial. If you are ready to discuss what the best options are for treating your knee pain, whether via arthroscopy or a full knee replacement, we are here for you in the Florida panhandle.
Contact our team today at Florida Sports Medicine & Orthopaedics by calling (850) 763-0346 or request an appointment online now. We look forward to helping relieve your pain and getting you back to your active lifestyle once again!